A placebo-controlled, double-blind trial of growth hormone treatment in prepubertal children after renal transplant.
Sustained growth retardation in spite of a successful renal transplantation (RTx) is a serious problem for many pediatric allograft recipients. Biosynthetic growth hormone (GH) was given to 11 prepubertal children with severe growth retardation after RTx in a placebo-controlled double-blind study, assessing its effect on height velocity (HV), bone maturation, renal function, plasma IGF-I and IGF-II, serum IGF-binding proteins (IGFBP), and lipid and carbohydrate metabolism. Six months of GH (4 IU/m2/day s.c.) was either preceded or followed by six months of placebo. The patients underwent a full examination every three months. All children completed the study. Mean HV improved significantly with GH therapy (P
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