본문 바로가기
HOME> 논문 > 논문 검색상세

논문 상세정보

Medical hypotheses v.46 no.5, 1996년, pp.471 - 478  

Adrenocorticotropin — A central trigger in immune responsiveness: Tonal inhibition of immune activation

Stefano, G.B. ; Smith, E.M. ;
  • 초록  

    Abstract Adrenocorticotropin is known for its key role in mediating neuroendocrine responses, especially in response to stress. Recently, it has been recognized to have direct immunomodulatory actions, most of which are suppressive. This is a widely conserved action which occurs in invertebrates and vertebrates. This conservation illustrates the fundamental nature of adrenocorticotropin's immunomodulatory action. Such a mechanism of action helps explain why the immunocytes themselves can serve as a source of adrenocorticotropin. Regulation of adrenocorticotropin production and action is complex and the result is an integration of multiple mechanisms. Serum adrenocorticotropin levels fluctuate in response to stimulatory and inhibitory factors. Further, peptidases can specifically process adrenocorticotropin into smaller active fragments, inactive peptides or into peptides with different activities. These proteolytic enzymes have a differential tissue and cellular distribution. Immune stimulating factors such as interleukin-1 can overcome adrenocorticotropin inhibition and secondarily, block adrenocorticotropin production through the release of corticosteroids. With an endogenous presence and complex regulation it has been difficult to characterize adrenocorticotropin's role in the immune system. Here, we propose that adrenocorticotropin is a tonis regulator of immune response, i.e. it tonally inhibits immunocytes which undergo disinhibition as the result of exposure to stimulatory signals, e.g. cytokines, neuropeptides, etc. Thus, adrenocorticotropin appears to set the threshold for immunoactivation by controlling the degree of immunoexcitability.


 활용도 분석

  • 상세보기

    amChart 영역
  • 원문보기

    amChart 영역

원문보기

무료다운로드
  • 원문이 없습니다.

유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.

원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.

NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기