Iron-ovotransferrin preparation does not interfere with ciprofloxacin absorption.
Iron supplements can interfere with the bioavailability of a number of drugs, including thyroxine, tetracycline derivatives, penicillamine, methyldopa, levodopa, carbidopa, ciprofloxacin, and the newer fluoroquinolones. A new iron formulation was tested in which iron ions are bound to ovotransferrin, a protein that shares more than an 80% similarity with the sequence of human transferrin and apparently is less likely than the commonly used iron salts to reduce drug absorption. Ciprofloxacin was taken as a model drug, of wide use and restricted range of therapeutic levels, and its absorption was evaluated after the administration of the iron-ovotransferrin complex versus an iron-gluconate formulation in healthy volunteers. At variance with the iron gluconate formulation, which led to a reduction of about 50% of peak serum ciprofloxacin levels (Cmax; 1.0 +/- 0.2 versus 2.4 +/- 0.3 micrograms/ml; p