The CYP2D6 genotype predicts the oral clearance of the neuroleptic agents perphenazine and zuclopenthixol.
BACKGROUND: Most antidepressant and neuroleptic agents are metabolized by the polymorphic cytochrome P450 enzyme CYP2D6. This study evaluates the importance of the CYP2D6 genotype for the disposition of the neuroleptic agents perphenazine and zuclopenthixol. METHODS: Patients treated with neuroleptic agents (n = 36) were studied prospectively with regard to CYP2D6 genotype and neuroleptic plasma concentration during oral treatment. Because no patient provided enough samples for individual kinetic modeling, a bayesian approach was used for determination of the clearance. Population kinetic parameters for this procedure were collected from retrospective therapeutic drug monitoring data (n = 113) by use of a nonparametric approach. RESULTS: The CYP2D6 genotype significantly predicted the oral clearance of perphenazine and zuclopenthixol (p