본문 바로가기
HOME> 논문 > 논문 검색상세

논문 상세정보

Signalling by protein kinase C isoforms in the heart

Pucéat, Michel ; Vassort, Guy ;
  • 초록  

    Abstract Understanding transmembrane signalling process is one of the major challenge of the decade. In most tissues, since Fisher and Krebs's discovery in the 1950's, protein phosphorylation has been widely recognized as a key event of this cellular function. Indeed, binding of hormones or neurotransmitters to specific membrane receptors leads to the generation of cytosoluble second messengers which in turn activate a specific protein kinase. Numerous protein kinases have been so far identified and roughly classified into two groups, namely serine/threonine and tyrosine kinases on the basis of the target amino acid although some more recently discovered kinases like MEK (or MAP kinase kinase) phosphorylate both serine and tyrosine residues. Protein kinase C is a serine/threonine kinase that was first described by Takai et al. [1] as a Ca- and phospholipid-dependent protein kinase. Later on, Kuo et al. [2] found that PKC was expressed in most tissues including the heart. The field of investigation became more complicated when it was found that the kinase is not a single molecular entity and that several isoforms exist. At present, 12 PKC isoforms and other PKC-related kinases [3] were identified in mammalian tissues. These are classified into three groups. (1) the Ca-activated α-, &bgr;-,and &ggr;-PKCs which display a Ca-binding site (C2); (2) the Ca-insensitive &dgr;-, &epsis;-, &thgr;-, η-, and μ-PKCs. The kinases that belong to both of these groups display two cystein-rich domains (C1) which bind phorbol esters (for recent review on PKC structure, see [ 4 ]). (3) The third group was named atypical PKCs and include &zgr;, &lgr;, and &tgr;-PKCs that lack both the C2 and one cystein-rich domain. Consequently, these isoforms are Ca-insensitive and cannot be activated by phorbol esters [5]. In the heart. evidence that multiple PKC isoforms exist was first provided by Kosaka et al. [6] who identified by chromatography at least two PKC-related isoenzymes. Numerous studies were thus devoted to the biochemical characterization of these isoenzymes (see [7] for review on cardiac PKCs) as well as to the identification of their substrates. This overview aims at updating the present knowledge on the expression, activation and functions of PKC isoforms in cardiac cells. (Mol Cell Biochem 157 : 65–72, 1996)


  • 주제어

    PKC isoforms .   cardiomyocytes .   hypertrophy .   protein phosphorylation.  

 활용도 분석

  • 상세보기

    amChart 영역
  • 원문보기

    amChart 영역

원문보기

무료다운로드
  • NDSL :
유료다운로드

유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.

원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.

NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기