본문 바로가기
HOME> 논문 > 논문 검색상세

논문 상세정보

Alpha-tocopherol pretreatment improves endothelium-dependent vasodilation in aortic strips of young and aging rats exposed to oxidative stress

Guarnieri, Carlo ; Giordano, Emanuele ; Muscari, Claudio ; Grossi, Loris ; Caldarera, Claudio Marcello ;
  • 초록  

    Abstract Acetylcholine-induced, endothelium-dependent relaxation of norepinephrine-precontracted aortic strips, was severely impaired after exposure to a hypoxanthine/xanthine oxidase reaction generating oxygen radicals. This effect was more evident in aortic strips of aging rats (24 months old) in comparison to young rats (3 months old). The addition of authentic ·NO (1 μM) completely relaxed aortic strips exposed to oxidative stress both in young and aging rats. In vitro EPR measurements showed that the ·NO signal was reduced by enzymatic O 2 -generating reaction. The activity of a partial purified preparation of constitutive NO synthase from rat cerebellum was significantly decreased after exposure to exogenous oxygen radicals. Pretreatment of aortic strips with 100 μM alpha-tocopherol-phosphate, produced a significant improvement of acetylcholine-dependent relaxation in the aortic strips exposed to oxidative stress, particularly in the aged vessel. The content of malondialdehyde in aortic tissue did not change after oxidative stress or alpha-tocopherol pretreatment. Alpha-tocopherol was unable to recover the NO synthase activity depressed in vitro by hypoxanthine/xanthine oxidase reaction. This study confirms that an oxidative stress impairs the endothelium-mediated vasodilation. Alpha-tocopherol pretreatment protects the vessel against this damage. The mechanism of action of alpha-tocopherol is unknown, but seems unrelated to an antioxidant activity.


  • 주제어

    nitric oxide .   oxygen radicals .   tocopherol .   vasodilation .   aging rat.  

 활용도 분석

  • 상세보기

    amChart 영역
  • 원문보기

    amChart 영역

원문보기

무료다운로드
  • NDSL :
유료다운로드

유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.

원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.

NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기