본문 바로가기
HOME> 논문 > 논문 검색상세

논문 상세정보

Importance of baseline cotinine plasma values in smoking cessation: results from a double-blind study with nicotine patch.

Paoletti, P Fornai, E Maggiorelli, F Puntoni, R Viegi, G Carrozzi, L Corlando, A Gustavsson, G Säwe, U Giuntini, C
  • 초록  

    Nicotine replacement by transdermal patches is more effective than placebo in smoking cessation, but has a low success rate after one year (9-18%). We tested whether this was attributed to insufficient nicotine replacement. We conducted a randomized trial to investigate the effect on outcome of different doses of transdermal nicotine replacement after stratification according to baseline plasma cotinine values. Two hundred and ninety seven adult smokers were enrolled. Those with baseline cotinine 250 ng.mL-1 (high cotinine) were randomly assigned to 15 mg (HC-15) or 25 mg (HC-25) 16 h nicotine patches. Plasma nicotine and cotinine values, expired carbon monoxide and withdrawal symptoms were measured at scheduled intervals during treatment. Smokers in the LC-15 group had a significantly higher success rate than placebo (28 vs 9%). Smokers with high baseline cotinine had lower success rates, and a high dose of nicotine did not increase success rate (HC-25 9% vs HC-15 11%). Subjects in the HC-15 group had the lowest percentage of nicotine replacement and a higher prevalence of withdrawal symptoms than the HC-25 group. Replacement was similar in groups LC-15 and HC-25, but the success rate was significantly lower in HC-25 group, despite similar levels of withdrawal symptoms. We conclude that a higher success rate was obtained after one year in smokers with low baseline plasma cotinine values. Determination of plasma cotinine values may be, thus, helpful in identifying smokers who could benefit from transdermal nicotine replacement.


 활용도 분석

  • 상세보기

    amChart 영역
  • 원문보기

    amChart 영역

원문보기

무료다운로드
  • European Respiratory Society : 저널
유료다운로드
  • 원문이 없습니다.

유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.

원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.

NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기