Role of tachykinins in bronchoconstriction induced by intravenous administration of bradykinin in guinea-pigs.
To elucidate the role of tachykinins in bronchoconstriction induced by intravenous administration of bradykinin (Bk), we studied the effects of FK224, a neurokinin-1 (NK1) and neurokinin-2 (NK2) receptor antagonist, on the bronchoconstriction induced by intravenous (i.v.) administration of Bk (5-100 micrograms.kg-1) in guinea-pigs. Total pulmonary resistance -(RL) was measured using a pressure-volume sensitive body plethysmograph in anaesthetized artificially ventilated guinea-pigs pretreated with atropine (1 mg.kg-1) and propranolol (1 mg.kg-1). In the control group, i.v. administration of Bk produced a dose-dependent increase in RL. In animals pretreated with FK224, bronchoconstriction induced by higher doses of Bk (10, 50 and 100 micrograms.kg-1) was significantly reduced, whilst the bronchoconstriction caused by lower doses of Bk (5 and 7.5 micrograms.kg-1) was not. Pretreatment with a combination of FK224 and indomethacin markedly inhibited the bronchoconstriction induced by each dose of Bk compared with the groups pretreated with FK224 alone. Although pretreatment with indomethacin alone significantly reduced RL at a high dose of Bk (50 micrograms.kg-1), the reduction was significantly lower than that produced by a combination of FK224 and indomethacin. These results suggest that intravenous administration of a high dose of bradykinin causes bronchoconstriction both by cyclo-oxygenase products and by release of tachykinins.