Chronic inhibition of intracellular Ca2+ release or protein kinase C activation significantly reduces the development of morphine dependence
Abstract We have previously shown that chronic antagonism of metabotropic glutamate receptors in the brain attenuates naloxone-precipitated withdrawal symptoms in rats treated chronically with subcutaneous (s.c.) morphine. Several subtypes of metabotropic glutamate receptors are directly linked, through a guanine nucleotide regulatory protein, to the phosphatidylinositol (PI) second messenger system. In the present investigation, we assessed the effect of inhibiting the products of PI hydrolysis on the development of opioid dependence. Thus, concurrently with subcutaneous morphine, we infused intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) in rats, various doses of chelerythrine, which selectively inhibits the activation of protein kinase C, and thapsigargin, which inhibits the release of intracellular Ca 2+ when given chronically. Both chelerythrine and thapsigargin reduced the severity of naloxone-precipitated abstinence symptoms when infused i.c.v. at a dose of 10 nmol/day. A single injection of either chelerythrine or thapsigargin immediately prior to the precipitation of withdrawal failed to decrease the severity of abstinence symptoms. Our results suggest that by chronically inhibiting activity of the phosphatidyl-inositol system, the development of morphine dependence can be attenuated.
원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.
NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.
- 이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기