The buccal fat pad in oral reconstruction.
The use of the buccal fat pad (BFP) as an uncovered pedicled graft to close oral defects is relatively recent. A series of 29 consecutive cases of reconstruction utilizing the BFP is presented, showing excellent results and without added surgical morbidity. Indications include defects after benign or malignant tumour resection, and the combined BFP/temporalis myofascial pedicled flap is reported as an additional option in reconstruction. Histologic findings in healed reconstruction sites indicate fibrous replacement of the fat tissue, and epithelialization of its oral surface. From the results of this series, we conclude that the use of the BFP for the reconstruction of appropriate surgical defects in the mouth is worthy of consideration.
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