Operational problems of an iron supplementation programme for pregnant women: an assessment of UNRWA experience.
Assessed is a large-scale iron supplementation programme for the 70 000 pregnant refugee women cared for by the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA). For this purpose, a retrospective survey of 1267 antenatal records was conducted in health centres located in the West Bank, Gaza, Syrian Arab Republic, Jordan, and Lebanon. The following operational problems were identified: late entry to antenatal care; high drop-out rate from antenatal care; low compliance in follow-up haemoglobin examinations; and misdirected continued testing of women who were not anaemic at registration. Routine iron supplementation of all pregnant women should be considered only in those countries where severe anaemia is prevalent and should always be coupled with additional interventions that are effective at improving iron deficiency anaemia in a given population. In most countries attention should be directed towards changing dietary habits to enhance the availability of local foodstuffs that are rich in iron. One initial haemoglobin test may help in focusing on the relatively few initially anaemic subjects who need further attention. Repeated testing during pregnancy is unwarranted.
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- PubMed Central : 저널 > https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2486853
- World Health Organization : 저널
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Arab Countries . Asia . Delivery Of Health Care . Demographic Factors . Developing Countries . Evaluation . Evaluation Report . Food Supplementation . Gaza Strip (palestine) . Health . Health Services . Ingredients And Chemicals . Inorganic Chemicals . Iron . Metals . Nutrition Programs . Population . Population Characteristics . Pregnant Women . Primary Health Care . Western Asia.