HELLP syndrome: Clinical profile of seven patients.
HELLP syndrome is a multi-organ disorder unique to pregnancy. It is characterized by hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets in patients with pre-eclampsia or eclampsia. In King Abdulaziz Oncology Center, Jeddah, seven patients with HELLP syndrome were admitted over a period of four years (1991-94). Retrospective analysis of data was done to study the clinical profile of HELLP syndrome. The incidence of HELLP syndrome in our institution was 1 per 2285 deliveries. One patient was Saudi and six were non-Saudis. The age range was 23 to 44 years, with a mean of 29 years. All patients were multipara. The disorder occurred between 24 to 33 weeks of gestational age, the average being 29 weeks. The most commonly encountered clinical feature was right upper quadrant/epigastric pain. Other features included nausea/vomiting, jaundice, hepatic encephalopathy, azotemia, hypotension and grand mal convulsions. All patients had severe pre-eclampsia pr eclampsia. Indirect hyperbilirubinemia was in the range of 2 to 8 mg/dL and elevated transaminases up to 229 U/L (n
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