Modulation of central nervous system metabolism by macromolecules: effects of albumin and histones on glucose oxidation by synaptosomes.
Since increasing evidence suggests that several proteins play a significant role in the regulation of glucose oxidation in the central nervous system, a series of experiments was designed to determine the specific proteins involved and to delineate their possible mode of action. In these studies, the rate of substrate oxidation by isolated synaptosomes in vitro was determined by measuring the production of [14C]carbon dioxide from labeled compounds in the presence and absence of the added protein. In the initial experiments, an examination of a broad selection of pure proteins revealed that only albumin (bovine serum albumin [BSA]) or histones (at concentrations of 100 micrograms/mL or less) exhibited an inhibitory effect of greater than 60% on the rate of glucose oxidation. Furthermore, isolated cell fractions P1 (nuclei and cellular debris), P2 (mitochondria, synaptosomes, and myelin), and other membrane proteins had little or no effect on the rate of [14C]carbon dioxide production from [6(14)C]glucose. When either BSA or histones were treated with trypsin, the inhibitory effects were eliminated. To determine whether these effects were related to changes in substrate transport, we measured the rate of glucose uptake by synaptosomes using [6(14)C]glucose, [1,2-3H]2-deoxyglucose, and [3H]3-O-methylglucose in the presence of 5% serum protein. These experiments revealed that the rate of glucose transport was not affected by serum proteins. Collectively, these results indicate that albumin and histones attenuate the rate of glucose oxidation by synaptosomes. The results also support the conclusion that the intact protein molecule is required for this inhibition, since treatment with trypsin abolished this effect. It can also be concluded that this effect is not at the site of transport and that the protein(s) are acting either directly at intercellular site(s) or indirectly via specific messengers.
원문보기 무료다운로드 유료다운로드
- 원문이 없습니다.
- 원문이 없습니다.
유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.
NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.