Field measurement of damping and natural frequency of an actual steel-framed building over a wide range of amplitudes
Abstract In order to understand the dynamic characteristics of a prefabricated steel building, several vibration tests with a wide range of amplitudes were carried out. Under excitation with relatively small amplitude levels, four different construction stages are prepared. The dynamic properties such as natural frequencies and damping ratios are evaluated using several identification methods based on observation records. The variability in the results due to the differences in identification methods and excitation conditions is examined. By comparing the results at different construction stages, the effect of non-structural members on the structural stiffness and damping ratio is studied. Using a mechanical exciter, forced vibration tests were carried out for several high excitation levels (100–3000 kgf). Free vibration tests using a wire cutting method were also carried out for several initial displacement levels (5–25 tonf, as initial tensile force levels). Based on the results of these vibration tests with various amplitude levels, the effect of non-structural members on dynamic characteristics is studied from the view point of amplitude dependence.
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Amplitude dependence . Damping ratio . Field measurement . Natural frequency . Non-structural member . Prefabricated steel building . Random decrement technique . Sweep excitation test . Transfer function.