Differential interleukin-6 (IL-6) responses of three established myeloma cell lines in the presence of soluble human IL-6 receptors
Abstract We investigated the possible influence of recombinant (r) sIL-6R on the growth of three IL-6 non-responsive or weakly IL-6 responsive long-term myeloma cell lines. The three cell lines chosen for the study (U266, L363 and Fravel) all expressed gp130 but differed in their expression of IL-6R and IL-6. mRNA analysis by northern blot and reverse transcriptase polymerase reaction showed that the cell line U266 was the only one that expressed IL-6 mRNA. Only U266 and L363 expressed IL-6R mRNA. 125 I-rIL-6 binding studies and FACS analysis, using biotinylated IL-6 and antibodies directed against the IL-6R and gp130, showed corresponding results on the protein level. Addition of rsIL-6R resulted in induction of IL-6 responsiveness in L363 cells, whereas the 3 H-thymidine incorporation of the cell lines U266 and Fravel was unaffected by rsIL-6R addition. In conclusion, the IL-6 unresponsive growth of several long-term myeloma cell lines in vitro can in some, but not all cases, be due to a deficiency in exogenous sIL-6R.
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