Childcare needs of female street vendors in Mexico City.
This article reports on strategies developed by female street vendors (vendedoras ambulantes) in Mexico City to ensure the care of their young children in the absence of a specific and operational government policy to fulfil this need. The information concerning child care and health was gathered by a survey of 426 street traders selected by multi-stage random cluster sampling in four of the administrative districts (delegaciones politicas) of Mexico City during 1990. It was found that, as mothers of young children, street vendors most frequently looked after their children personally on the street or left them with other members of the family. Related factors were availability of alternative child care providers in the family, the age of the children and working conditions of the mother. Children who remained on the streets with their mothers suffered more frequently from gastro-intestinal diseases and accidents than the national average. The incidence of acute respiratory diseases, however, was similar in the cases of maternal care in the street and care by family members in another environment. Existing public health measures show a greater concern for the health of food consumers than that of workers in this area. Current public policy seeks to regulate street vending activities and to concentrate traders in ad hoc areas and facilities. Our research results document the need for actions that can contribute to an improvement in the care and health conditions of these young children.
Americas . Behavior . Child Care . Child Rearing . Demographic Factors . Developing Countries . Economic Factors . Employment--women . Family And Household . Family Characteristics . Family Relationships . Latin America . Macroeconomic Factors . Mexico . Mothers . Needs . North America . Parents . Population . Population Characteristics . Research Report . Urban Population.
- DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/heapol/11.2.169
- Oxford University Press : 저널> 권호 > http://heapol.oxfordjournals.org/content/11/2/169.abstract
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