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Bombesin receptors in the brain.

Woodruff, G N ; Hall, M D ; Reynolds, T ; Pinnock, R D ;
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    We have shown that in the central nervous system BN receptors are closely associated with 5-HT systems. On a subpopulation of dorsal raphe neurons, NMB receptors are able to depolarize cells by reducing gK+. In one of the target regions of the dorsal raphe 5-HT neurons, the SCN, we have also shown that neurons are excited by BN-related peptides. In the SCN, the GRP receptors excite neurons by two different mechanisms: closure of gK+ and opening of an unidentified cation conductance. Expression of human BN receptors from the brain in CHO cells or Xenopus oocytes shows a very similar pharmacological profile to that seen in the rat brain slice preparations. In the CHO cell line, following BN receptor activation, a major second-messenger path involves hydrolysis of PIP2 by phospholipases to yield IP3, which releases Ca2+ from intracellular stores. In the oocyte expression system, a similar second messenger pathway is clearly apparent, and Ca2+-sensitive gCl- represents the last phase in a cascade of events. The final phase of the mechanism of action in the artificial systems does not involve gK+, suggesting a different second messenger cascade to that in neurons. However, the involvement of phospholipases and their phospholipid products have not been excluded in neurons.


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