An exploration of intrapulmonary insulin administration in anaesthetized and mechanically ventilated pigs.
We investigated the efficacy of intrapulmonary administration of short-acting porcine insulin in anaesthetized pigs (n = 14) in a randomized intervention study. Insulin was administered by a new jet nebulizer (Maxin) in a random order at different doses, 0 (saline), 10 or 40 U. The hypoglycaemic effect was compared to control (0.9% saline). Blood glucose and serum insulin concentrations were followed at specified time intervals for 90 min. Plasma catecholamine concentrations were measured in order to estimate the concurrent stress. Nebulized insulin caused a significant decrease in blood glucose concentrations (p