5-Hydroxymethyluracil excretion, plasma tbars and plasma antioxidant vitamins in adriamycin-treated patients
Abstract The thymine oxidative lesion-5-hydroxymethyluracil (HMUra)—was measured in urine collected from cancer patients. These patients all received chemotherapy using Adriamycin. Adriamycin (ADR) intercalates DNA coils and interferes with normal cell metabolism through diverse biochemical mechanisms that may explain its different actions. The anticancer action of ADR could derive from its interaction with topoisomerase II, resulting in DNA nicking followed by DNA fragmentation and apoptosis. Side effects of ADR—mainly its cardiotoxicity—may derive from the fact that ADR generates superoxide and hydroxyl radicals in two ways: redox-cycling and a Haber-Weiss type reaction due to Fe-ADR complexes. The oxygen free radicals, particularly 'OH, are thought to be produced by ADR directly in genomic material and attack all its components. 5-Hydroxymethyluracil is a thymine lesion provoked by these attacks, and it has been proposed as a marker of DNA alterations. In this article, we report the results of a study involving 14 cancer patients treated with ADR. We found that urine HMUra is significantly increased by the anticancer therapy (HMUra (nmol/24 h): 74.4 9.46 vs. 96.3 8.74; p < .01), this increase reveals a higher risk of mutagenesis. Our study is the first to show an in vivo alteration of DNA by ADR. Results also show that thiobarbituric acid reactants increase significantly, and that the vitamin levels for retinol and a-tocopherol, which are antioxidant vitamins, are lower at the end of chemotherapy. We suggest to supplement these patients with vitamins A and E, and selenium to reduce the side effects of ADR.
원문보기 무료다운로드 유료다운로드
- 무료 원문 정보가 존재하지 않습니다.
유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.
NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.