Synthesis, micro structure, and thermal stability of side chain liquid crystalline polysiloxane polymers with an oligo (ethylene oxide) unit in the side chain
A series of new alkene monomers [MS3BDBEn, n=1-3] containing 4-oligo (ethylene oxide) monomethyl ether 4-biphenyl ether carboxyl benzoate as terminal groups were synthesized. These polymers were prepared by grafting these monomers onto the poly (methylhydrosilox-ane) (PMHS) backbone. The transition temperatures, liquid crystalline textures, and thermal stability of the polysiloxane polymers have been determined by thermal data, by optical texture, and by X-ray diffraction patterns. Polymers PS3BDBEn showed smectic or smectic and nematic phases which were not analogous to their precursor nematic monomers. The terminal length of the polymers affects not only the mesophase transition temperatures but also the layer-spacing length (d1) and the side-chain distance (d2). The long- and short-range orders can remain to some extent above the isotropization temperature and below the melting point. The polymer PS3BDBE3 decomposed in air 20°C above the isotropization temperature and lost its short range orders as detected by the X-ray diffraction analysis.
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