The role of acid in the pathogenesis of indomethacin-induced gastric antral ulcers in the rat.
BACKGROUND: The role of acid in the pathogenesis of indomethacin-induced ulcers of the rat gastric antrum was studied by comparing the effects of pretreating animals with both long-acting (loxtidine, AH22216) and short-acting (ranitidine and cimetidine) inhibitors of acid secretion. RESULTS: Ranitidine and cimetidine were much weaker at inhibiting antral damage when compared to their reported potencies as antisecretory agents. In marked contrast, loxtidine and AH22216 inhibited indomethacin-induced antral ulcers at doses similar to their reported potencies as inhibitors of acid secretion. Histological analysis at doses causing near maximal inhibition of macroscopic damage revealed an almost complete absence of ulcers but a large and significant increase in mucosal damage due to superficial erosions. Hourly dosing with hydrochloric acid reversed the protective effect of ranitidine, cimetidine and loxtidine on macroscopic damage and, histologically, this was associated with the widespread appearance of antral ulcers and a reduction in the proportion of mucosal damage caused by superficial erosions. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that the pathogenesis of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-induced antral ulcers involves at least two stages: (1) an initial acid-independent formation of mucosal erosions followed by (2) an acid-dependent conversion of erosions to frank ulcers. Clinically, drugs that suppress acid completely for long periods may be very effective in preventing NSAID-induced gastric antral ulcers.
원문보기 무료다운로드 유료다운로드
- 무료 원문 정보가 존재하지 않습니다.
- DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0953-0673.1996.00339.x
- EBSCO Industries, Inc. : 저널
- Blackwell Publishing_STM : 저널 > 논문
유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.
NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.