Effect of bile salts on in vitro gallbladder motility: preliminary study.
Impaired postprandial gallbladder emptying may be an important factor in cholesterol crystals precipitation and subsequent gallstone formation. We previously found strongly increased bile salt concentrations in gallbladder bile of gallstone patients with weak ( 50%) postprandial contraction. Therefore, we studied potential effects of various conjugated and unconjugated bile salts with different relative hydrophobicity on in vitro contractility of gallbladder muscle strips obtained at cholecystectomy. Strips were incubated 5 min with bile salt at concentrations of 10(-8)-10(-4)M. The effect of 10(-3)M acetylcholine was measured and related to preincubation control value. Bile salts used were, in order of increasing hydrophobicity: tauroursodeoxy-, ursodeoxy-, tauro-, taurodeoxy- and deoxycholate. Ursodeoxy- and tauroursodeoxycholate did not significantly reduce gallbladder contractility. Taurocholate significantly reduced contractility at concentrations of 10(-6) M and higher, taurodeoxycholate at 10(-7) M and higher and deoxycholate at 10(-5) M and higher. Contractility induced by acetylcholine 10(-3) M at a bile salt concentration of 10(-4) M was 66.0 +/- 11.7% (taurocholate), 50.2 +/- 6.2% (deoxycholate) and 44.8 +/- 11.5% (taurodeoxycholate) of control. The effect of bile salts correlated with their relative hydrophobicity (r = -0.97; p
원문보기 무료다운로드 유료다운로드
- 원문이 없습니다.
- 원문이 없습니다.
유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.
NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.