Enzymology of mitomycin C metabolic activation in tumour tissue : Characterization of a novel mitochondrial reductase
Abstract In this study, the enzymology of mitomycin C (MMC) bioactivation in two murine colon adenocarcinomas, MAC 16 and MAC 26, was examined. Subcellular quinone reductase assessment via cytochrome c reduction confirmed a number of active enzymes. MAC 16 exhibited 22-fold greater levels of cytosolic DT-diaphorase than MAC 26, while microsomal NADPH:cytochrome P-450 reductase levels were similar in both tumour types. Metabolism of MMC by subcellular fractions isolated from both MAC 16 and MAC 26 was quantitated by monitoring the formation of the principle metabolite 2,7-diaminomitosene (2,7-DM) via high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). In MAC 16 only, activity displaying the properties of cytosolic DT-diaphorase and microsomal NADPH:cytochrome P-450 reductase was detected and confirmed, using the enzyme inhibitors dicoumarol and cytochrome P-450 reductase antiserum, respectively. The highest level of MMC metabolism was associated with the mitochondrial fraction from both tumours and was the sole enzyme activity detected in MAC 26. The greatest mitochondrial drug metabolism was achieved in the presence of NADPH as cofactor and hypoxia (MAC 16-specific activity, 3.67 ± 0.58 nmol/30 min/mg; MAC 26 specific-activity, 3.87 ± 0.71 nmol/30 min/mg) and was unaffected by the addition of the inhibitors dicoumarol and cytochrome P-450 reductase antiserum. NADH-dependent mitochondrial activity was only observed in MAC 16 at approximately 4-fold less than that seen with NADPH. MAC 26 homogenate incubations displayed enhanced metabolism under hypoxia, presumably due to the presence of the identified mitochondrial enzyme. MAC 16 homogenates showed no increase in metabolism under hypoxia, suggesting that other enzyme(s) may be predominant. These data indicate the presence of a novel mitochondrial one-electron reductase capable of metabolising MMC in MAC 16 and MAC 26.
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