In vitro characterization of a novel series of platelet-derived growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors
Abstract In this report, we describe the discovery and characterization of a novel biarylhydrazone series of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors typified by the prototype WIN 41662 (3-phenyl- N 1 -[1-(4-pyridyl)pyrimidine]hydrazone). WIN 41662 inhibited PDGF-stimulated autophosphorylation of PDGF receptors from human vascular smooth muscle cells (hVSMC) with an IC 50 value of 60 nM. The inhibitor appeared to be competitive with respect to substrate (Mn 2+ -ATP), having a calculated K i of 15 ± 5 nM. WIN 41662 was approximately 500-fold more potent in inhibiting the PDGF receptor tyrosine kinase than the p56 lck tyrosine kinase. It was inactive against other serine/threonine and tyrosine kinases tested. WIN 41662 produced concentration-dependent inhibition of PDGF-stimulated receptor autophosphorylation in intact hVSMC with an IC 50 2+ mobilization and cell proliferation were events that occurred in hVSMC subsequent to PDGF receptor activation. WIN 41662 inhibited PDGF-stimulated Ca 2+ mobilization and cell proliferation ([ 3 H]TdR incorporation) with IC 50 values of 430 nM and 2.3 μM, respectively. These effects appeared to be specifically related to PDGF receptor tyrosine kinase inhibition since WIN 41662 was not cytotoxic ( in vitro ) and since WIN 72039, a close structural analog that does not inhibit PDGF receptor tyrosine kinase, also did not inhibit PDGF-stimulated receptor autophosphorylation, Ca 2+ mobilization, or hVSMC proliferation. Thus, WIN 41662 is representative of a novel class of selective PDGF receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors that inhibit PDGF-regulated secondary events in intact cells.
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