Antenatal diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis: evaluation of the biological parameters in a cohort of 286 patients.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the biological parameters obtained by cordocentesis and amniocentesis in the antenatal diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis. DESIGN: Nine-year retrospective study. SETTING: Parasitology Laboratory, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and Department of Paediatrics, Centre Hospitalo-Universitaire, Montpellier, France. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred and eighty-six pregnant women infected with toxoplasmosis between 7 and 34 weeks of gestation. METHODS: Detection of abnormalities by ultrasound examination. Detection in fetal blood of Toxoplasma, of specific IgM and IgA and of nonspecific biological markers. Detection in amniotic fluid of Toxoplasma. RESULTS: Out of 286 antenatal diagnoses, 211 were negative (1st group), 40 were positive (2nd group) and led to 8 medical abortions, and 35 were uncertain (3rd group). In the 1st and 3rd groups respectively, 7 (3.3%) and 5 (14.3%) cases of congenital toxoplasmosis were observed. Overall, 52 cases of congenital toxoplasmosis were detected: 12 were clinically apparent, 36 subclinical (of which 12 were in groups 1 and 3) and 4 were lost to follow up. CONCLUSION: There is substantial importance in making the diagnosis of toxoplasmosis antenatally in order to limit the number of medical abortions. In our series, the most accurate predictor was the detection of the fetal antibody response (specific IgM and IgA) to Toxoplasma.
원문보기 무료다운로드 유료다운로드
- 원문이 없습니다.
유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.
NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.