Independent expression of fibril-forming collagens I, II, and III in chondrocytes of human osteoarthritic cartilage.
Normal and osteoarthritic human articular cartilage was investigated by in situ hybridization for expression patterns of the fibrillar collagens type I, II, and III to evaluate phenotypic changes of articular chondrocytes related to the disease. In 11 out of 20 samples, a defined subset of chondrocytes in the superficial and upper middle zone of osteoarthritic cartilage showed significant levels of cytoplasmic alpha 1 (III) mRNA, whereas strong signals of alpha 1 (II) mRNA were found in the upper and lower middle zone, partially overlapping with the zone of alpha 1 (III) mRNA-expressing cells. The extent of type II and III collagen expression depended on the integrity of the extracellular matrix surrounding the chondrocytes, and the location within the articular cartilage. No alpha 1 (I) mRNA was detectable in osteoarthritic original articular cartilage. The alpha 1 (I) probe did, however, reveal signals in pannus-like tissue, osteophytes, and bone cells. In normal articular cartilage, no detectable levels of cytoplasmic mRNA for alpha 1(I), alpha 2 (I), or alpha 1 (III) were seen. Using specific mono- and polyclonal antibodies, we found deposition of type III collagen but hardly any of type I collagen in the superficial zone of osteoarthritic cartilage that is consistent with the in situ hybridization results. These results indicate a phenotypic alteration in a defined subset of chondrocytes in conditions of diseased cartilage, expressing and synthesizing collagen type III independently from type I collagen, but in part simultaneously with type II collagen.
- 원문이 없습니다.
유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.
NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.
- 이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기