Relationship between inhibitor of extrathyroidal 5'-deiodinase activity and serum free fatty acid in children with nonthyroidal illness and acute ketosis.
To clarify whether serum free fatty acid (FFA) is an inhibitor of extrathyroidal conversion (IEC) of thyroxine (T4) to thyronine (T3), we measured the concentration of FFA, IEC activity and thyroid hormones in normal subjects, acute ketotic children and children with low T3 syndrome due to nonthyroidal illness (NTI). Iodothyronine (I) 5'-deiodinase activity was assayed with reverse triiodothyronine (rT3) as substrate and liberated 125I-was measured. The IEC was determined by the inhibition of I 5'-deiodination by ether extract of sera or standard oleate solution. IEC values were represented as mM oleate. The serum concentration of FFA was 0.470 +/- 0.117 (SD) mM in 11 normal subjects, and it was significantly higher (1.242 +/- 0.248 mM; P 1.000 mM) but its serum FFA (1.182 mM) was below the mean value for the acute ketotic group. These results indicate that 1) many NTI patients may bear no relation to IEC and 2) IEC may not be caused by serum FFA only but includes several factors.
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