High dose, dose-intensive chemotherapy with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide for the treatment of advanced breast cancer.
Eighteen patients with advanced breast cancer were commenced on treatment with high dose doxorubicin (100 mg m-2) or doxorubicin (100 mg m-2) and cyclophosphamide (500 mg m-2) at 2 weekly intervals. Three cycles of treatment were planned. rG-CSF was given subcutaneously for 10 days, starting 24 h after each cycle of chemotherapy. Sixteen out of 18 patients responded (89%) of whom six (33%) achieved a complete remission. Twelve (67%) completed the three planned cycles, four (22%) received two cycles and two (11%) received one cycle only. The median time to progression was 5 1/2 months and the median survival was 18 1/2 months. Neutropenia occurred after 89% of courses and 65% of courses were accompanied by a significant (WHO grade III or IV) infection. The duration of neutropenia was short (mean 5.4 days) and mean time to absolute neutrophil count recovery (ANC > 1,000 x 10(6) litre) from the start of treatment was 11 days. Moderate to severe epithelial toxicity (WHO grade 3 or 4) accompanied 43% of courses and was dose limiting. Conclusion: High dose, dose intensive chemotherapy has an excellent initial therapeutic effect in advanced breast cancer but does not prolong duration of remission or overall survival beyond that of standard treatment. Although subcutaneous rG-CSF curtailed the expected duration of neutropenia substantially, the overall incidence of neutropenia and of infections requiring intravenous antibiotics was high. Furthermore, almost half of the courses were complicated by moderate to severe oral mucositis and/or mild to moderate palmar and plantar inflammation. The lack of survival benefit and excess toxicity seriously limits the wider application of this regime. It should not be used in place of standard dose palliative chemotherapy for metastatic breast cancer.
원문보기 무료다운로드 유료다운로드
- DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/bjc.1993.151
- PubMed Central : 저널 > https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1968370
유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.
NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.