Use of virulent hemorrhagic enteritis virus for the induction of colibacillosis in turkeys.
Three hundred fifty 1-day-old large white turkeys were reared in brooding batteries to 10 days of age, after which they were moved to floor pens on litter. At 7 weeks of age, poults were allotted into four treatment groups as follows: 1) virulent hemorrhagic enteritis virus (HEV) alone (100 turkeys), 2) Escherichia coli alone (100 turkeys), 3) HEV + E. coli (100 turkeys), and 4) negative controls (50 turkeys). HEV was given orally at 7 weeks of age, followed by E. coli challenge in the drinking water 2 days later for 10 consecutive days. All groups were observed daily for mortality, both during and after challenge. Turkeys that died or were moribund were necropsied, and cultures were taken from the liver and bone marrow for bacterial isolation. Total mortality rates were 23% in the HEV + E. coli group, 10% in the HEV-only group, 3% in the E. coli-only group, and 0% in the negative control group. Cumulative mortality values were significantly different from those of the negative controls (P