Comparative efficacy of the B-1 and VG/GA vaccine strains against velogenic viscerotropic Newcastle disease virus in chickens.
Groups of eight 1-day-old white rock chickens were vaccinated with either B-1 or VG/GA strain of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) by eyedrop instillation. Some of the chickens were vaccinated a second time at 17 days of age. Eight groups of chickens vaccinated either once or twice were challenged with the California 1083 strain of velogenic viscerotropic Newcastle disease virus (VVNDV) at 30 days of age by either intramuscular injection or eyedrop instillation. One group of unvaccinated control chickens was challenged by eyedrop instillation. All eight unvaccinated controls, two of the 16 B-1 vaccinates, and none of the 16 VG/GA vaccinates died following challenge. There were no obvious differences in pre-challenge serum antibody levels among the vaccinates. Only the twice-vaccinated chickens that were challenged by eyedrop and the unchallenged vaccinates failed to show a marked rise in serum antibody titers. The VG/GA strain of NDV provided protection against the mortality associated with VVNDV challenge similar to that provided by the B-1 strain within the conditions of this experiment.