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Lytic action of cloned pneumococcal phage lysis genes in Streptococcus pneumoniae

Romero, A. ; Lopez, R. ; Garcia, P. ;
  • 초록  

    The genes hbl3, cpl1 and cpl7 coding for the pneumococcal phage lytic enzymes HBL3, CPL1 and CPL7, respectively, have been cloned into shuttle plasmids that can replicate in Streptococcus pneumoniae and Escherichia coli. All these genes were expressed in E. coli under the control of either the lyt P promoter of the lytA gene, which codes for the major pneumococcal autolysin, or the promoter of the tetracycline-resistance gene (tet P ). In contrast, cpl1 and cpl7 genes that code for lysozymes were expressed in pneumococcus only under the control of tet P , whereas the hbl3 gene that codes for an amidase can be expressed using either promoter. The phage lysozymes or amidase expressed in S. pneumoniae M31, a mutant deleted in the lyA gene coding for short chains, were placed under physiological control since these transformed bacteria grew as normal 'diplo' cells during the exponential phase and underwent autolysis only after long incubation at 37 o C. The lysis genes appear to be expressed constitutively in the transformed pneumococci, since sharply defined lysis of these cultures could be induced prematurely during the exponential phase of growth by addition of sodium deoxycholate.


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  • 주제어

    Lytic enzyme .   Cell wall .   Phage .   Streptococcus pneumoniae.  

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