Effects of disinfecting irreversible hydrocolloid impressions on the resultant gypsum casts: Part I--Surface quality.
This study evaluated the effects of disinfection time (10, 30, and 60 minutes) on the surface quality of stone casts poured against an alginate impression material (Jeltrate). Five antimicrobial agents were tested: Sporicidin spray, sodium hypochlorite, and iodophor for spray; and Sporicidin cold sterilization solution and Cidexplus glutaraldehyde solution for immersion. Impressions, flushed with water and stored for 0, 10, 30, and 60 minutes before pouring, served as untreated controls. On completion of the disinfection treatments, the impressions were rinsed and poured in Velmix stone. The effects on cast surface were evaluated under a stereomicroscope by three experienced raters. A 1-to-4 scoring system was developed to rate the surface quality in terms of smoothness and detail reproduction. Both immersion disinfectants proved to be unacceptable for treating alginate impressions. The mean scores of other disinfectant-time combinations were compared with the use of the Tukey-Kramer method with a 95% confidence interval. The results indicated that treatment time had statistically significant effects on the quality of cast surface in Sporicidin spray, sodium hypochlorite, and untreated control groups but not in the iodophor spray group.
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