Finite element algorithm for jointed concrete pavements subjected to moving aircraft
An algorithm based on the finite element method is developed to analyze the dynamic response of multiple, jointed concrete pavements to moving aircraft loads. In the finite element idealization, the pavement-subgrade system is idealized by thin plate finite elements resting on Winkler-type viscoelastic foundation represented by a series of distributed springs and dashpots. The dowel bars at the transverse joints are represented by beam elements. It i assumed that the dowel bar is fully embedded into the pavement thus neglecting dowel-pavement interaction effects. The longitudinal keyed or aggregate interlock joints are modeled by vertical spring elements. The dynamic aircraft-pavement interaction effects are considered in the analysis by modeling the aircraft by masses supported by spring-dashpot systems representing the landing gear of the aircraft. It is assumed that the aircraft travels along a straight line with a specific initial velocity and acceleration. The aircraft-pavement interaction takes the form of two sets of coupled equations which result ina non-symmetric stiffness matrix. An approximate mixed iteration-direct elimination scheme is used to solve for the dynamic equations. The accuracy of the computer code is verified by the available experimental and analytical solutions. A parametric study is conducted to investigate the effects of various parameters on the dynamic response of pavements.
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