Design of a non-blocking shared-memory copy network for ATM
The design of a copy network is presented for use in an asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) switch supporting broadband integrated services digital network (BISDN) traffic. Inherent traffic characteristics of BISDN services require ATM switches to handle bursty traffic with multicast connections. In typical ATM switch designs, a copy network is used to replicate multicast cells before being forwarded to a point-to-point routing network. In such designs, a single multicast cell enters the switch and is replicated once for each multicast connection. Each copy is forwarded to the routing network with a unique destination address and then is routed to the appropriate output port. Non-blocking copy networks permit multiple cells to be multicasted at once, up to the number of outputs of the copy network. Another critical feature of ATM switch design is the location of buffers for the temporary storage of transmitted cells. Buffering is required when multiple cells require a common switch resource for transmission. Typically, one cell is granted the resource and is transmitted while the remaining cells are buffered. Current switch designs associate discrete buffers with individual switch resources. Discrete buffering is not efficient for bursty traffic because traffic bursts can overflow individual switch buffers and result in dropped cells, while other buffers are under-used. A new non-blocking copy network is presented with a shared-memory input buffer. Blocked cells from any switch input are stored in a single shared input buffer. The copy network consists of three banyan networks and shared-memory queues. The design is scalable for large numbers of inputs due to low hardware complexity and distributed operation and control. A simulation study shows that a switch incorporating the shared-memory copy network has increased throughput and lowered buffer requirements to maintain low packet loss profitability when compared to a switch with a discrete buffer copy network.(Author abstract)
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