Comparison of enzyme and DNA analysis in a Tay-Sachs disease carrier screening program.
Tay-Sachs disease (GM2 gangliosidosis, type 1; TSD) is an autosomal recessive GM2 gangliosidosis resulting from the deficient activity of the lysosomal hydrolase beta-hexosaminidase A (Hex A). With a carrier frequency estimated at 1 in 25, it is a common lysosomal disorder in the Ashkenazi Jewish population. Tay-Sachs disease has provided the prototype for the prevention of severe recessive genetic diseases. Molecular analysis of the Hex A gene (HEXA) of Ashkenazi Jewish individuals affected with Tay-Sachs disease revealed that three common mutations cause the infantile and adult onset forms of the disease; a four base insertion in exon 11, a splice junction mutation in intron 12 and a point mutation in exon 7 (G269S). A study was undertaken to determine whether mutation analysis would be useful in TSD screening programs in identifying carriers and clarifying the status of individuals whose enzyme assays are inconclusive. Ashkenazi Jewish individuals who had been diagnosed as carriers, inconclusives by enzyme assay and non-carriers with low normal enzyme levels in the Mount Sinai Tay-Sachs Disease Prevention Program were examined for the presence of the three mutations using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and allele specific oligonucleotide (ASO) hybridization. The insertion mutation was present in 29 of 34 carriers and 2 of 36 inconclusive individuals, the splice junction mutation was found in 4 of 34 carriers and the G269S mutation was found in 1 of 34 carriers. Of the 313 non-carrier individuals with normal enzyme activity in the lower normal range, one was positive for the splice junction mutation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.1918.104.22.168
- 대한의학회 : 저널
- PubMed Central : 저널 > https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3053844
- Synapse : 저널
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