Effects of intravenous immune globulin on the peripheral lymphocyte phenotypes in Kawasaki disease.
The effect of intravenous immune globulin (IVIG) on the lymphocyte phenotypes in acute Kawasaki disease (KD) was studied in a random trial of IVIG-and-aspirin versus aspirin-alone. Before therapy, patients in each treatment group had an increased percentage of B cells, and a decreased percentage of T cells, CD4 T cells, CD8 T cells and CD5+ B cells. There was no significant difference in immunologic parameters between the two groups measured before therapy. Patients treated with IVIG-and-aspirin had by the fourth day developed a highly-significant increase in T cells, CD4 T cells and CD8 T cells and a decrease in B cells. Despite the decrease of B cells, there were significant increases in CD5+ B cells in both treatment groups. However, the degree of increase in the IVIG-and-aspirin treated group was significantly more noticeable than that in the aspirin-alone treated group. These findings indicate that treatment with IVIG restores the T- and B- cell abnormalities, especially CD5+ B-cell abnormalities found in patients with acute KD.
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