Adaptive response to ionizing radiation induced by low dose of gamma ray in human hepatoma cell lines.
When cells are exposed to a low dose of a mutagenic or clastogenic agent, they often become less sensitive to the effects of a higher dose administered subsequently. Such adaptive responses were first described in Escherichia coli. Studies on mammalian cells have been limited to human lymphocytes exposed to low doses of an alkylating agent. In this study, the adaptive response to 1 cGy of gamma rays was investigated in human tumor cells using two human hepatoma cell lines, Hep G2 and Hep 3B. Experiments were carried out by delivering 1 cGy followed by 50 cGy of gamma radiation and chromatid breaks were scored as an endpoint. The results of this study indicate that prior exposure to 1 cGy of gamma rays reduces the number of chromatid breaks induced by subsequent higher doses (50 cGy). The time necessary for the expression of the adaptive response was determined by varying the time interval between the two doses from 1 hour to 72 hours. In G2 chromatids, the adaptive response was observed both at short time intervals, as early as 1 hour, and at long time intervals. In S chromatids, however, the adaptive response was shown only at long time intervals. When 3-aminobenzamide, an inhibitor of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase, was added after 50 cGy, adaptive responses were abolished in all the experimental groups. Therefore, it is suggested that the adaptive response can be observed in human hepatoma cell lines, which is first documented through this study.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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