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A retrospective cohort study on obesity and hypertension risk among Korean adults.

Lee, Sung-Hee   Kim, Young-Sik   Sunwoo, Sung   Huh, Bong-Yul  
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    A retrospective cohort of adult Korean males and females was conducted to evaluate the influence of obesity on the development of hypertension and to determine the level of the body mass index at which the risk of hypertension significantly increases. The subjects of this study were 1,467 men and 944 women aged 20 to 75 yr who were normotensive at the time of their initial examinations from 1990 to 1991, who had a follow-up examination at least 1 yr after their initial examinations, or whose blood pressure status could be confirmed by reviewing their medical records until June 2000. During an average follow-up period of 6.2 yr, 234 new cases of hypertension were identified. An analysis using the Cox proportional hazards model showed that the risk of developing hypertension increased with increasing age, body mass index, and amount of daily alcohol consumption in men; and with increasing age and body mass index in women. Comparing men and women whose body mass indices were smaller than 23 kg/m(2), the relative risks of hyper-tension were 2.56 times greater in men and 3.17 times greater in women, whose body mass indices were greater than 27 kg/m(2). Our study confirmed that obesity is a strong risk factor for hypertension among Korean adults. In addition, high alcohol consumption may be a significant risk factor for men.


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