A Clinical Analysis of Surgical Treatment for Axillary Osmidrosis by the Bipedicle Flap Method and CO2 Laser
BACKGROUND: Axillary osmidrosis is caused by excessive secretion of apocrine sweat, which causes foul odor and extreme social embarrassment. Axillary osmidrosis can be treated by a number of methods, but surgery is the treatment of choice. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical results of surgical treatment for axillary osmidrosis by the bipedicle flap method and CO2 laser. METHODS: December 1995 and December 2002, 53 patients with axillary osmidrosis were treated by the bipedicle flap method and with CO2 laser. Post-operative complications and convalescent time in the patients (106 axillae) were then of evaluated. Among them, 37 patients were followed up for a minimum 6 months, and the patients were asked to complete a questionnaire on their family history, aggravation factors, association with wet ear wax or palmoplantar hyperhidrosis, degree of satisfaction, decreased sweating, decreased axillary hair, tension on motion, and scarring. RESULTS: Follow-up ranged from 6 to 84 months (mean: 41months). Thirty one (83.8%) out of 37 patients were satisfied or partially satisfied with the results. Six (16.2%) out of 37 patients were dissatisfied. Post-operative complications were seen in 27 (25.5%) out of 106 axillae. The average convalescent time was 18 days. CONCLUSION: Based on the long-term evaluation, this bipedicle flap method and CO2 laser treatment were found to be effective for axillary osmidrosis.
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