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Pharaoh Ant ( Monomorium pharaonis ): Newly Identified Important Inhalant Allergens in Bronchial Asthma

Kim, Cheol-Woo    (Department of Internal Medicine, Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea.   ); Kim, Deok-In    (Department of Internal Medicine, Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea.   ); Choi, Soo-Young    (Department of Internal Medicine, Institute of Allergy, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.   ); Park, Jung-Won    (Department of Internal Medicine, Institute of Allergy, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.   ); Hong, Chein-Soo    (Department of Internal Medicine, Institute of Allergy, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.  );
  • 초록

    The nonstinging house ant, Monomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant), was recently identified as a cause of respiratory allergy. This study was performed to evaluate the extent of sensitization to pharaoh ant, and its clinical significance in asthmatic patients. We carried out skin prick tests in 318 patients with asthma. Specific IgE (sIgE) to pharaoh ant was measured by ELISA, and cross-reactivity was evaluated by ELISA inhibition tests. Bronchial provocation testing was performed using pharaoh ant extracts. Fifty-eight (18.2%) of 318 patients showed positive skin responses to pharaoh ant, and 25 (7.9%) had an isolated response to pharaoh ant. Positive skin responses to pharaoh ant were significantly higher among patients with non-atopic asthma than among those with atopic asthma (26.0% vs. 14.9%, p p


  • 주제어

    Asthma .   Ants .   Pharaoh Ant .   Monomorium pharaonis .   Formicidae .   Allergens .   Indoor Allergens.  

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