모유수유를 중심으로 "어머니 되어가기"의 심리적 과정 - 근거이론 접근방법으로
The Psychological Process of "Becoming a Mother" focused on Breastfeeding - The Grounded Theory Approach -
The purpose of this study is to develop a practical theory through an analysis of the psychological procedure of mothers surrounding breastfeed experience. The thesis question of this study is to examine the psychological process of "becoming a mother" through breastfeeding within the socio-cultural context. In order to understand the experience of process, Strauss & Corbin"s ground theory(1990) was employed as a primary method. The time spent for gathering data spans from December 2004 to February 2006. Total of seventeen women with prior experience of breastfeeding participated in the study. Based on the statement of participants, the central category of psychological process of becoming a mother through breastfeeding came down to "the process of re-establishing one"s identity as a mother by means of experience of her body." These repetitive patterns were then standardized into three types of "the process of re-establishing one"s identity as a mother by means of experience of her body."The three types are: "without difficulty" "overcoming conflicts" and "lack of volition." In conclusion, this study reveals that breast milk function as a medium through which a mother establish her new identity as a mother, by being encouraged to feel unity with her body. This study attempts to shed light on the psychological process of becoming a mother through qualitative studies and to discover different types of becoming a mother and its contextual element, with special attention paid to breastfeeding. In addition, by formulating a practical theory, this study expects to provide framework for the process of becoming a mother to serve as a basis of further studies. In this regards, motherhood cannot be completed biologically and socially by mere physical delivery of a child.
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