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Imaging Features of Pediatric Pentastomiasis Infection: a Case Report

Lai, Can    (Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine and the Zhejiang Key Laboratory for the Diagnosis and Therapy of Neonatal Diseases, Zhejiang 310003, China.   ); Wang, Xi Qun    (Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine and the Zhejiang Key Laboratory for the Diagnosis and Therapy of Neonatal Diseases, Zhejiang 310003, China.   ); Lin, Long    (Department of Pathology, Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine and the Zhejiang Key Laboratory for the Diagnosis and Therapy of Neonatal Diseases, Zhejiang 310003, China.   ); Gao, De Chun    (Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine and the Zhejiang Key Laboratory for the Diagnosis and Therapy of Neonatal Diseases, Zhejiang 310003, China.   ); Zhang, Hong Xi    (Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine and the Zhejiang Key Laboratory for the Diagnosis and Therapy of Neonatal Diseases, Zhejiang 310003, China.   ); Zhang, Yi Ying    (Department of Radiology,  ); Zhou, Yin Bao  
  • 초록

    We report here a case of pentastomiasis infection in a 3-year-old girl who had high fever, abdominal pain, abdominal tension and anemia. Ultrasound scanning of the abdomen revealed disseminated hyperechoic nodules in the liver and a small amount of ascites. Abdominal MRI showed marked hepatomegaly with disseminated miliary nodules of high signal intensity throughout the hepatic parenchyma on T2-weighted images; retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy and disseminated miliary nodules on the peritoneum were also noted. Chest CT showed scattered small hyperdense nodules on both sides of the lungs. The laparoscopy demonstrated diffuse white nodules on the liver surface and the peritoneum. After the small intestinal wall and peritoneal biopsy, histological examination revealed parenchymal tubercles containing several larvae of pentastomids and a large amount of inflammatory cell infiltration around them. The pathological diagnosis was parasitic granuloma from pentastomiasis infection.


  • 주제어

    Pentastomiasis .   Magnetic resonance (MR) .   Parasitic disease, abdomen .   Ultrasonography.  

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