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Journal of Korean medical science : JKMS v.25 no.7 = no.140, 2010년, pp.1011 - 1016   SCI SCIE SCOPUS
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Descriptive Epidemiology of Cholangiocarcinoma and Clonorchiasis in Korea

Shin, Hai-Rim    (International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France.   ); Oh, Jin-Kyoung    (National Cancer Control Institute, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea.   ); Lim, Min Kyung    (National Cancer Control Institute, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea.   ); Shin, Aesun    (Research Institute, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea.   ); Kong, Hyun-Joo    (The Korea Central Cancer Registry, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea.   ); Jung, Kyu-Won    (The Korea Central Cancer Registry, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea.   ); Won, Young-Joo    (The Korea Central Cancer Registry, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea.   ); Park, Sohee    (The Korea Central Cancer Registry, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea.   ); Park, Sang-Jae    (Center for Liver Cancer, Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea.   ); Hong, Sung-Tae    (Department of Parasitology, Seoul National University, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.  );
  • 초록

    In 2009, infection with the liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis ( C. sinensis ) was classified as "carcinogenic to humans" (Group 1) based on its involvement in the etiology of cholangiocarcinoma by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. However, little is known about the descriptive epidemiology of cholangiocarcinoma in Korea. We examined incidence trends of intrahepatic and extrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas, using data from the Korea National Cancer Incidence database for 1999-2005. The prevalence of C. sinensis infection was estimated from a recent population-based survey in rural endemic areas. Cholangiocarcinoma incidence rates are currently rising, even while primary liver cancer incidence rates are decreasing. Annual percent changes in cholangiocarcinoma incidence rates were 8% for males and 11% in females. Known areas of C. sinensis endemicity showed high incidence rates of cholangiocarcinoma. The positivity of C. sinensis eggs in stool samples from endemic areas was more than 25% of adults tested during 2005-2008. From a meta-analysis, the summary odds ratio for cholangiocarcinoma due to C. sinensis infection was 4.7 (95% confidence interval: 2.2-9.8). Approximately 10% of cholangiocarcinomas in Korea were caused by chronic C. sinensis infections. More specific policies, including health education and an extensive effort for early detection in endemic areas, are needed.


  • 주제어

    cholangiocarcinoma .   Clonorchis sinensis .   Korea.  

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