대중소설에 묘사된 아파트의 부정적 속성에 대한 건축학적 해석
Architectural Interpretations of Negative Attributes on Apartments in Korean Popular Novels
This paper is to analyze the negative attributes of the apartments, which has been mentioned in Korean popular novels and interpret them with an architectural perspective by aiming at the fact that the main producer of the literary work refers neither to the author himself nor the ideology but to the "group", and the popular novels premise "us" as a community. Negative attributes of apartments described over 70 popular novels, which had been published since the 1980s, were put together to be analyze for this study. The negative attributes of apartments can be analyzed out to four types; problems on the economic efficiency which apartments hold as the housing market, branding on residential space that is built with hierarchically separated space and possessed by socioeconomically poor ones, standardization and unification of residential space characterized by physical superiority and equalitarianism, and lastly, the lack of apartment grounding and the disharmonious scenery of the surroundings. It is important to note that these negative attributes and the facts have structural problem that is reciprocal by the law of causality, but not independent. However, three conclusions were made by architecturally interpreting the negative attributes. First, the closure of the spatial problems on housing units and estates should be overcome. Korea's apartment, characterized as social isolation and absence of communication by spatial separation, should pursue interpenetration and openness of space unit. Second, massive development of units should be sublated. Based on the fact that expansion of supply and great dimensions of house set priority on economic efficiency, it has caused standardization and unification to be established. Moreover this problem worsens the neighborhood relationships because it causes the inhabitants to deepen their anonymities. Lastly, lack of grounding and disharmonious scenery should be inhibited. From the fact that high-rise acceleration causes division and separation of the dwelling space from the surface, an innovative search to widen the grounding of the customary for the housing supply on high-rise apartments is necessary. Development of new dwelling types is needed for the alternative plans of apartments. Apart from prescribing or premising the planning, new scenery management for the apartments should be provided.
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