신용장통일규칙 양도조항의 해석과 운용에 관한 연구
A Study on the Interpretation and Application of Article 48 of the UCP
This study is designed to suggest reasonable interpretation and application of Article 48 of the UCP. The result can be summarized as follows; The only bank that is able to effect a transfer is authorized to do so in the Letter of Credit. An agreement on the transfer of the credit between the transferring bank and the beneficiary will be made after the transferring request by beneficiary. The first beneficiary"s instruction relating to the advising to the second beneficiary could be interpreted as irrevocable one. The second beneficiary"s right to the amendment agreement should be interpreted as the same of the first beneficiary"s one as long as the amendment advisement to the second beneficiary was allowed.. While a bank may determine under its own internal policies to permit the additional amendment to the transferred credit, this is at its own risk. It is not a practice supported by UCP. If the transferred portion of a credit expires unutilized, the first beneficiary may request the transferring bank to transfer the unutilized portion to a new second beneficiary. When an issuing bank agrees to issue a transferable credit it must appreciate that some of the information appearing on certain documents may not agree with that shown on the invoices, due to the substitution of the second beneficiary"s invoices. Sub-Article 48(i) refers to substitution of documents on "first demand" and whilst not specifically defined within UCP 500 as to a particular number of days, first demand must mean first demand as requested by the nominated bank.
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