자동차 부품산업의 국제경쟁력 요인과 수출성과와의 관계
The Relationship between International Competitiveness and Export Performance in Korean Auto Part Industry
The study aims to identify factors of international competitiveness and investigate the relationship between the factors and export performance in a Korean automotive part industry. Based on the literature review and interviews done with industry exports, we can identify four factors of international competitiveness of automotive part industry: price, quality, technology, and service competitiveness. We collected data through questionnaire survey on a sample of Korean automotive part firms. Finally structural equation model was used to test hypotheses about which and how factors of international competitiveness affect export performance in the Korean sample. The findings are in the following. First, quality and service competitivenesses were found to affect export performance of auto part firms positively. Contrary to our expectations, price competitiveness showed no significant direct relationship with export performance. Second, technology competitiveness was found not to affect export performance directly, but to affect price and quality competitiveness positively. This means technology affect export performance indirectly through enhanced quality competitiveness. Thus, we can conclude that quality and service competitiveness affect export performance directly, but that technology competitiveness affects export performance indirectly though its positive impact on quality.
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