어슐라 르 귄의 생태학적 상상력과 「언제나 집으로 돌아오기」
Ursula Le Guin's Envrionmental Imagination and Always Coming Home
Science fiction and fantasy literature have particularly become popular in recent years thanks largely to Tolkien' s The Lord of the Ring and Rawling's Harry Potter series and some college literature courses devoted to this genre alone have been introduced in both undergraduate and graduate levels. However, this genre still has been dismissed or regarded as "low" literature. To the contrary to this general assumption, a group of female writers during the 1970s and 19808 adopted SF and fantasy in dealing with the pending social issues of their contemporary such as women's rights and environmental destruction. Ursula Le Guin demonstrates this trend in his novel Always Coming Home in which she imagines two opposing future societies--the Sinshan Valley where the Kesh people live harmoniously with non-human nature and the Condo City where men-warriors dominate and exploit both women and natural world. In this work Le Guin follows the basic assumption of the feminist utopianism that peace-loving women (or female characteristics) are leading a harmonious life with nature whereas combat-oriented warrior-men (or male characteristics) are leading a destructive life over both women and non-human nature. At the same time, however, Le Guin emphasizes the importance of harmonious relations between human beings and nature on the one hand and women and men on the other hand.
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