향유하는 삶을 위한 공동체의 생태학적 패러다임 - 로버트 프로스트(Robert Lee Frost)의 자연과 삶
The Ecological Paradigm of a Community Preserving the Lives Enjoying themselves : Robert Lee Frost's Nature and Life in His Pastoral Poems
Some think humans are predatory by nature. I cast my vote with those who feel humans take the shape of their culture, and that shifts in culture can occur in rare moments with remarkable speed and vigor. Good design can release humankind from its neurotic relationship to absurd acts of destruction, and aim it toward a destiny that is far more realistic and enduring. But government, ecological enterprises, and environmental organization can't create a sustainable society called an ecological community. It will only come about through the accumulated effects of daily acts of billions of eager participants. To create an enduring society, we will need a system of commerce and production where each and every act is inherently sustainable and restorative. Business will need to integrate economic, biologic, and human systems to create a sustainable method of commerce and should make a great contribution towards founding an ecological community. As hard as we may try to become sustainable on a company-by-company level, we can't fully succeed until the institutions surrounding commerce are redesigned. Just as every act in an industrial society leads to environmental degradation, regardless of intention, we must design a system where the opposite is true, where the natural, everyday acts of work and life accumulate into a better world as a matter of course, not a matter of conscious altruism. Robert Lee Frost made it a fundamental rule to maintain friendly relation with nature in his life. Nature was a mirror reflecting his life and inducing him to harmonize with natural order. In Frost's pastoral poems, simplicity and non-violence are obviously closely related. The optimal pattern of consumption, producing a high degree of human satisfaction by means of a relatively low rate of consumption, allows people to live without great pressure and strain and to fulfill the primary injunction of Buddhist teaching: "Cease to do evil; try to do good." As physical resources are everywhere limited, people satisfying their needs by means of a modest use of resources are obviously less likely to be at each other's throats than people depending upon a high rate of use. Frost chose his pattern of pastoral life to incarnate the thought that human beings can be free and happy only when they live a poor and simple life. We should live in a small way so that we may enjoy our lives. In case of ecological crisis, our work as adaptive human beings must take root on far deeper levels than collective attempts to assuage guilt. Society must recognize that ecological principles apply absolutely to human survival, and that if we are to long endure as a world culture, or as a group of local cultures, we will have to incorporate ecological thinking into every aspect of our mores, patterns of living, and most particularly, our economic institutions.
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