W. S. 머윈의 동물시 연구 - 동물의 언어 재현의 문제를 중심으로
A Study of W. S. Merwin"s Animal Poetry : The Possibility of Representation of Animal"s Language
This paper is a study of W. S. Merwin"s animal poetry. Merwin believes that animals present evidence of the world"s independent life and of the web of which mankind is only one part. He diagnoses that the relationship between human and non-human life is broken off mainly because of human"s hubris which claims human can do everything as he wishes. For Merwin, man"s language is, most of all, the direct cause of the problem because he places too much value on language. Men believe that they are the only species which has language. This excessive belief in words makes human think that non-human life is merely an object over which human can control freely. Oftentimes, in the relationship between human and animals, language appears as a form of violence as we can see in "Fly". The fact that only human use language exalts them at the expense of other living things. And this is the main reason why Merwin searches for silence which, he thinks, can be a method of listening. To him, silence becomes another vehicle for a better relationship with non-human life, especially with animals. In this sense, listening can be a first step toward a genuine communication with animals. To practise silence and listening, man needs "self-negating". As a better way of communication, Merwin, in "The Paw," suggests a direct contact between human and animals. The direct contact serves not only as a metaphor for Merwin"s pessimistic vision of language, but also a kind of new language to restore the relationship. Thus Merwin suggests that restoration of the genuine relationship between human and non-human being is not always impossible.
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