『顧氏畵譜』와 조선후기 회화
Kushihuapu and Late Chosŭn Dynasty Paintings
Kushihuapu(顧氏畵譜), a picture album published in 1603 by a Ming court artist named Ku Ping(顧炳), had major impact in the stylistic formation of the paintings in China, Korea, and even Japan. This article examines the influence of Kushihuapu on late Choson dynasty paintings in particular. Composed of 4 volumes, this album includes 106 famous works from the Six dynasties to the end of the Ming dynasty. Works of prior to the Northern Song are based on copies by later artists or Ming painters, while works of the Yuan and Ming dynasties are based on the works of the corresponding period. Woodblock prints of Ming works incorporate the contemporary late Ming style. He strived to copy the original works as faithfully as possible, however, without altering them with his own style. He also selected the representative works by each artist, trying to capture the essence of each painter. Kushihuapu became known to Korean scholars and painters when Chu Chih-fan(朱之藩), the author of its introduction, brought several copies with him when he visited Korea in 1606 as an ambassador. The album was mostly just admired at the beginning as the poetic inscriptions suggest. However, by the time of Yun Tu-so(1668~1715), the album became a painting manual, influencing most scholar and professional artists in Korea. The Kushihuapu that was transmitted to Choson showed many new painting styles which attracted the attention of scholars-painters. The continuous importation of Chinese painting manuals in the later period contributed in establishing the Southern School of Painting among Choson painting circles. The introduction of the album changed the course of the painting tradition in Choson, Korea.
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